Are you worried about the red and dark spots on your skin, especially around your face? Then this article will surely help in reducing or eliminating them completely. Most of the women around the world seem to be more conscious about their beauty. Therefore, they apply and buy anything that tends to increase their physical appearance. Moreover, the men are not behind in this beauty race. They are also becoming much interested in different beauty products. The dark spot removing cosmetic is one such product, which is purchased in high quality all over the world. However, not all products tend to remove these dark spots present on the skin.
If the individual really wants to know, How to get rid of spots, then he or she has to get information about its causes and symptoms, only, then they would be able to cure it better. The first thing that is important to understand is the cause behind these spots. In medical term, the spots are also called hyper pigmentation as it usually results in greater pigmentation of different hormones. The causes behind this disease vary from an individual to individual. The most common cause of spots is.
• Skin infections
• Age factor
• Different cosmetics
Now we will discuss each of the causes of spot one by one and understand how to rid of spots by treating the main causes.
Different skin infection can cause dark spots. The main reasons behind these skin infections are various kinds of bacteria and viruses. The bacteria are the most common sources of infection on human skin. The known bacteria that cause infection and then spot on the skin are grouped into a family called Staphylococcus aureus. The bacterial infections that are included in this family are Folliculitis, furunculosis and botryomycosis. Apart, from this family, another group of bacteria which cause skin infection are the Neisseria species and Haemophilus specie. These skin infection cause rashes and in some cases blisters, which, when subsides create some spots on the skin. Apart, from the infections, there are many bacteria, which live on our skin and don’t really harm it, but when these bacteria combine with the dead, they cause spots.
Furthermore, various viruses are also responsible for causing different skin infections, which later become the spots. Understanding these viruses will help in answering the question that is how to get rid of spots. The most common viral infection on the skin is chicken pox, shingles and small pox. All of these skin infections are characterized by rashes on the skin. If these rashes are scratched too much, then they also cause permanent spots on the skin.
Moreover, fungi and algae are another agent that causes various skin infections. The common fungi infection is known as athletes foot and yeast infections. These skin infections are characterized by extreme itching on the skin. If, it scratched too much these infections can become worse, and like viral infection can leave their mark in the form of spots.
Apart, from various skin infections, another common cause of spots on the skin is the age. It has been observed that kids when enter their teenage tends to develop acne and dark spots on their skin, especially on their facial area. This happens because of the action of a hormone. This hormone is called the androgen. When the androgen is produced in the teenage children, it causes the enlargement of a gland known sebaceous gland. This gland then produces oil like substance called the sebum. The sebum is secreted in a large amount because of the activation of the sebaceous gland. This sebum when reach the upper skin combines with the bacteria and dead skin. This combination of bacteria, sebum and dead skin causes spots or acne. Although these spots tend to fade away with passage of time, but in some cases they become a permanent worry for the individuals.
How to get rid of spots is the question also asked by many old agers. Skin spots are also experienced by many old agers because of greater exposure to sun. The research shows that greater exposure to the sunlight tends to damage the melanocytes. These cells are found in the upper most layer of the skin. These cells are responsible for producing a pigment known as melanin. This pigment when produced in abnormal quantity cause spots or freckles on the skin. The research shows that in old age, the melanin pigment loses its ability to absorb sunlight and hence cause the dark spots. Furthermore, the research also suggests that sometime the old age is not the only reason behind loose tendency of melanin pigment rather greater exposure to the sun also causes the damage.
Hormones are the major reason behind the spots. Even in the age factor the main factors behind the cause of spots are hormones. The research shows that during the puberty time the abnormal production of the hormone known as androgen cause the growth of a gland known as the sebaceous gland. This gland when grows bigger than normal produce an oil like substance called the sebum. This sebum when combine with the dead skin, and bacteria causes the dark spots on the skin of the individuals.
Various cosmetics used by the men and women also become the cause of spots. Although cosmetics are used to enhance the outer beauty of the individual, but in some cases it does the opposite. Rather than enhancing the beauty of the individual they tend to react and form unattractive spots on the skin. To answer how to get rid of spots many individuals suggest different cosmetic to each other, but they are not aware of the consequences it might have on the skin of different peoples. The most cosmetic cause temporary scars on the skin because they consist of harmful oils. This oil when mixed with the skin oil known as sebum, it produces spots on the skin. Although, these spots reduce once the use of cosmetic is stopped, but with continues use of cosmetic these spots can become a serious problem.
In some individual, the heredity material also becomes the source of spots on the skin. To answer how to get rid of spots, understanding the heredity material is very important. The characteristics of mother and father are carried to the child by a substance known as genes. These genes are not only responsible for producing similar features in the children, but are also responsible for carrying various heredity diseases. Spots are one such type of disease, which is transferred from parent to child. It has been proven by the studies that if one of the parents has the history of spots, then the children will also have the tendency to develop same spots.
The environment or atmosphere plays a critical in developing the spots on the skin. The research shows that the moist environment tends to increase the propensity of spots on the skin because this environment is best for bacterial and fungal growth. As, the bacteria and fungus are the major contributor of skin infections, they also become the reason for dark spots. Furthermore, the purity of the environment also affects the spots of the skin. If the atmosphere is tainted by harmful chemical, then the skin will be affected and develop spots. The chemical and different particles of dust present in the environment tend to block the holes of the skin. This obstruction pushes the gland to produce more oil and that oil causes the dark spots, when mixed with bacteria and the dead skin.
Apart, from the physical factors, there are many psychological factors that trigger to formation of spots of the skin. Stress is one of those psychological factors, which initiate the appearance of spots. How to get rid of spots is mainly in the hand of the individual. If he or she maintains a healthy and stresses free environment, then they can easily avoid the skin problem specially related with acne. The stress cause spots by breaking the walls of the pores present on the upper layer of the skin. These were some reasons behind the appearance of spots on the skin. All other reasons come in the category of above mentioned causes. As, we have understood the causes, now we will examine how to get rid of spots. With each cause, a separate method or treatment is connected, therefore it is important to examine the main cause of spots and then treat them. The methods and treatments used to remove spots are divided into two categories. The first one is the home remedies, and the second one is medical treatments.
How to get rid of spots
Natural methods or home remedies:
• The problem of spots on the skin in not new to the world, it has been prevailing since the human beings were born. From century’s men and women are searching ways to reduce or remove these spots from their skins. Many home remedies and natural methods are the result of long gone researches and studies. Some of the home remedies and natural methods have proven to be quite effective because they are being used for many centuries. The most famous and applies home remedies or natural methods are.
• Healthy food
• Using Citrus fruits
• Avoiding sun
These are some of the most famous home and natural remedies used by the people to get rid of spots.
Cleansing is the best answer to the question how to get rid of spots. This method is often used by the men and women all around the world. This home remedy is preferred because it is easy and takes much less time. In cleansing process the skin is rubbed and cleaned with different materials. This helps in removing the germs, dirt and dead cells from the skin, which in turn reduces the spot formation. Cleansing process not just helps in reducing the spots already formed on the skin, but also controls it. The materials often used for cleansing purpose are milky cream, lotions, hard corals and loofah. These materials remove the dead particles and give a natural glow to the skin. This method of removing spots is used all over the world by different individuals.
Apart, from caring for the skin from outside, the internal beauty of the skin can be maintained through a healthy diet. Eating fresh fruits and vegetables helps in prevention of new spots on the skin. Furthermore, water is considered the best agent to remove all the toxins from the body: therefore, many dermatologists and even the elders of the family suggest drinking a lot of water, so to flush all the toxins away from the body. Moreover, avoiding greasy and oily food also helps in controlling the spots on the skin. Fruits those are rich in substance like beta carotene help in decreasing the extra oil of the body.
Citrus fruits are rich in vitamin C. vitamin C not only help in maintaining a strong immune system, but also keep the body clean from toxins. Furthermore, vitamin c is considered the best anti oxidant and so it helps in dissolving the fats from the body, which in turn reduce the oil production from the glands.
Understanding the impact of sun on the skin, helps in answering the question, “how to get rid of spots.” It has been studied that sun is the major cause of skin spots in most of the individuals. Avoiding the sun will greatly reduce skin spots. As, the sun rays increase the pigmentation in the body, therefore, the spots become visible. To avoid sun the individuals can use a variety of sun blocks to protect the exposed parts. Furthermore, people can increase the age of their skin by wearing full clothes during intense summer and protect skin from sun exposure. These were the few home and natural remedies used by the individuals to avoid the spotting of their skin.
Apart, from these remedies, there are certain medical treatments that can be used to reduce the pigmentation of the body. How to get rid of spots can be better answered through these scientific treatments. Some of the famous skin treatments for removing spots are.
• Chemical peel
• Bleaching or fading creams
• Laser treatment
• Light therapy
• Dry freeze therapy
Now we will discuss the effectiveness and process of these treatments to answer the most important question that is how to get rid of the spots.
Chemical peel is the skin treatment use to remove the dead cells present on the epidermis of an individual skin. In this process, a chemical is used to burn off the upper dead skin of the patient. The chemicals used for this purpose are of different types. The most common chemical used is an acid known as glycolic acid. This acid is basically found naturally in all the citric fruits. In this treatment, this chemical is applied on the skin to regenerate a spot less and beautiful skin. This chemical can also be used in routine beauty cream to enhance the fresh skin. However, this chemical has few allergic reactions reported. Therefore, the doctors and dermatologist suggest a very minute quantity to be used for this treatment. Another, chemical used for this treatment is known as Jessner’s peel. This chemical has been named on its founder. This peel is basically the mixture of four chemicals, mainly salicylic acids and the lactic acid. Although, this process seems to be quite effective, but it is quite expensive and can cause harm to the skin.
Bleaching or fading creams:
This is the most famous and commonly used treatment for the skin spots. Nowadays, an individual can find almost thousands of variety of bleaching and fading creams in the market. However, not all the creams are as effective as few famous brands found in the market. These creams consist of various chemicals, which tend to reduce the pigmentation. These creams mostly consist of a substance known as hydroquinone. Hydroquinone is the substance known for preventing the function of melanin in the human body. Apart, from hydroquinone the other famous substance used in the making of these creams is known as Arbutin. This substance is mainly found the berry fruits, and it also can stop the functioning of the gland which produces the melanin pigment. The most natural ingredient that is used in these creams for fading purpose is known as vitamin C. This vitamin not only keeps the skin healthy and fresh, but also enhances the formation of new skin cells. Although, the bleaching creams are quite effective for some individuals, but they only work until the time they are being used. Once their use is stopped the spots reappear on the skin.
How to get rid of spots is best answered by the laser treatment available in the market. In laser treatment, different wavelength lights or rays are used to damage the cells that produce the pigmentation. The rays not only destroy the old cells and tissues under the lining of the skin, but also promote the generation of new skin. The new skin that forms is flawless and fresh like a baby skin. This treatment is the most effective treatment for removing the spots permanently. However, many individuals avoid using this treatment because of its cost and misconceptions. A common misconception about this treatment is that the rays or lights used for this treatment promote the growth of cancer cells, but no research or evidence has proven this misconception. Furthermore, people also think that this treatment causes a lot of pain. However, this is not the case; the pain cause in this treatment is very minor, and it’s just like a prick of a needle.
The light therapy is much like the laser therapy, but in this therapy a broader spectrum of light in exposed on the effected part of the skin. This light penetrates deep into the skin and enhances the growth of the new cells. This process is considered a much better option than the laser therapy because it does not damage the cell and skin. Furthermore, this treatment is considered safer by the individuals.
Dry freeze therapy:
The dry freeze therapy is also known as the cryosurgery. In this process, the liquid nitrogen is used to kill the pigments producing cells. By providing high temperature to the pigment producing cells, the cells are damaged. These damaged cells promote the production of new cells, which make the skin flawless and fresh. This treatment is quite effectives and becoming famous with each passing day because it does not cause any pain and takes much less time than other therapies.
All these therapies are quite effective when done through proper dermatologist or physician. If these treatments are done in a wrong way, they can cause many other skin problems to the individual. Therefore, before going for these treatments it is better to do proper research and study. As studying and analyzing the market will help in selecting the best treatment for the skin problem. These treatments and the home remedies can effectively reduce spotting in the skin of an individual. Moreover, understanding the reason behind these spots is also necessary for selecting the right treatment. As every skin has different need, and every skin require special treatment. Therefore, understanding the skin types is also necessary for better treatment.
Now, the question how to get rid of the spots is better answered by these treatments and remedies. It depends upon the individual what he or she would like to go with. Although, the technological treatments are fast and effective, but the natural remedies are the best way to cure the skin problem. As, the natural remedies have no side effects related with them, and even if they don’t work on the spots, they don’t cause any harm to the skin. Furthermore, the natural remedies if used regularly can prevent many other harmful diseases.